Automate your SDRS Anti-Affinity rules

One of the hot new features in vSphere 5 was the introduction of SDRS. And with SDRS came the concept of affinity rules for VMs and VMDKs. Cormac, aka @VMwareStorage, posted a nice overview of the SDRS affinity rules in Storage DRS Affinity & Anti-Affinity Rules.

choice and directions signs

Since then several posts have appeared on the subject of SDRS affinity rules.  To list just a few:

Currently there are no PowerCLI cmdlets to define the inter- and intra-vm anti-affinity rules for SDRS. After a question in the VMTN PowerCLI Community I decided to write a function. This function will allow you to automate the creation of the SDRS anti-affinity rules.

The Script

Annotations

Line 28-45: The function uses 2 parametersets. One, named VMDK, for the intra-VM anti-affinity rules, and one, named VM, for the inter-VM anti-affinity rules.

Line 35: The Harddisk parameter, from the VMDK parameterset, requires at least 2 harddisks. The validation if there are at least 2 values passed is done through the ValidateCount option. The 2nd number is the maximum number of vDisks a VM can have.

Line 39: Again the ValidateCount option is used to check that there are at least 2 values passed. The 2nd number is in fact the value from [Int]::MaxValue.

Line 52: The specification object to reconfigure the datastorecluster is created, it’s a StorageDrsPodConfigSpec object.

Line 54: If the Harddisk parameter was not used for a intra-VM anti-affinity rule, then this line sets the value to the maximum number of harddisks.

Line 58: The handling of the 2 possible parametersets is done through this Switch statement.

Line 60-65,79-81: A cheap implementation of OBN

Line 66-68: The first time the function passes through this part, the podConfigSpec property is set up.

Line 74: The MoRef for each VM that is specified for the inter-VM anti-affinity rule is stored

Line 89: Since the VMDK, intra-VM anti-affinity, accepts pipeline input, the provided rulename is used as the basename and a number is added for each VM that was passed through the pipeline.

Line 90-95:  If the call to the function contains values for the Harddisk parameter, only those harddisks will be included in the rule. If no Harddisk parameter is passed, all the harddisks of the VM will be included in the rule. The parameter expects at least 2 integer values that correspond with the number in the label of the vDisk. For example, the number 2 indicates Hard disk 2.

Line 97-99: If the VM only has 1 vDisk, then obviously no rule is created.

Line 105: When all objects passed through the pipeline or through the parameters are handled, the actual call to add the anti-affinity rules is done.

Sample Usage

First lets have a look at the antra-VM anti-affinity rules. These rules specify that specific vDisks of a VM should be stored on different datastores in the datastorecluster.

No specific vDisks were specified, so the function will include all VMDKs of the VM in the rule. This specific VM has 2 vDisks.

aa-rule1

We can also use the function in a pipeline to define intra-VM anti-affinity rules. Something like this.

In this example the function will create an intra-VM anti-affinity rule for each VM that comes through the pipeline. The Harddisk parameter states that on Hard disk 1 and Hard disk 3 shall be included in the rules.

aa-rule2

The 2 anti-affinity rules have been created, they contain Hard disk 1 and Hard disk 3 for both VMs and the rules are not enabled.

To create an inter-VM anti-affinity rule, we have to call the function with at least 2 VMs.

In this call we configure the datastorecluster to seperate the 3 VMs. The generated rule looks like this.

aa-rule3

Enjoy !

6 Comments

    Roman Gelman

    Hi Luc,
    I started to write some functions to automate SDRS rules operations. One of them is based on your Set-SdrsAntiAffinity function. Currently there are 7 functions and I hope will be more … I share these functions with community throw my PowerCLi Vi-Module.
    I have an issue with Remove-SdrsAntiAffinityRule function which are successfully able to delete Inter-VM rules but with VMDK rules it throws an error. Can you please point me out the problem (https://ps1code.com/2017/09/06/sdrs-powercli-part2).
    Thanks in advance

      LucD

      Hi Roman,
      We are currently finalising our new version of our DRSRule module. It will include working with SDRS rules.
      Currently I’m prepping my trip to VMworld in Barcelona, will have a look at your code when I’m back.
      Luc

    Kevin

    Hi Luc,
    Were you ever able to create a module that removes SDRS rules?
    I am trying to mass enable SDRS intra-vm affinity on some VMs, and mass disable it on others, but at the individual VM level, not anything larger.

    Thanks!
    Kevin

      LucD

      Not yet I’m afraid, it’s on the todo list for the DRSRule module.

    vNOkk

    I noticed this when deploying a few VMs to a SDRS cluster using the New-VM cmdlet. If the SDRS cluster is set to No Automation(Manual Mode), the per VM Automation Level gets set to Fully Automated by default.

    According to the documentation this is correct. However how do I not see any documentation in order to set it to not be Fully Automated, but instead set to “AsSpecifiedByCluster” as you would with DrsAutomationLevel.

    Any Ideas?

    Maekee

    Hi,
    Do you have any script that removes SDRS Rules also?
    Thanks

    /Maekee

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